Toutes les photographies ont été prises par Patrick Blanc et leur usage doit être accompagné de leur légende et de la mention "copyright Patrick Blanc"
  • Codonoboea pectinata, boat shaped maturing capsules, Selangor, Malaysia

    Codonoboea pectinata, boat shaped maturing capsules, Selangor, Malaysia

  • Hovanella (syn. Didymocarpus) vestita, boat shaped capsule allowing rain seed dispersal, Mantadia, Madagascar

    Hovanella (syn. Didymocarpus) vestita, boat shaped capsule allowing rain seed dispersal, Mantadia, Madagascar

  • Monophyllaea horsfieldii, seeds germinating inside the upwards opening rain splash seed dispersal capsule

    Monophyllaea horsfieldii, seeds germinating inside the upwards opening rain splash seed dispersal capsule

  • Monophyllaea horsfieldii, seeds germinating at the top of the rain splash capsule, one cotyledon already bigger than the other one for each plantlet

    Monophyllaea horsfieldii, seeds germinating at the top of the rain splash capsule, one cotyledon already bigger than the other one for each plantlet

  • Stauranthera grandiflora, flower and maturing fruits protected by enlarging sepals, Tioman, Malaysia

    Stauranthera grandiflora, flower and maturing fruits protected by enlarging sepals, Tioman, Malaysia

  • Stauranthera grandiflora, rain splash upwards fleshy capsular fruit with seeds not dispersed by rain and germinating inside, probably facing an uncertain future, Tioman, Malaysia

    Stauranthera grandiflora, rain splash upwards fleshy capsular fruit with seeds not dispersed by rain and germinating inside, probably facing an uncertain future, Tioman, Malaysia

  • Neohymenopogon parasiticus, refringent light brown marcescent bracts,  thus not enlarged sepals as in Mussaenda, upwards opening capsules, Doi Inthanon NP, 2300 m asl, Thailand

    Neohymenopogon parasiticus, refringent light brown marcescent bracts, thus not enlarged sepals as in Mussaenda, upwards opening capsules, Doi Inthanon NP, 2300 m asl, Thailand

  • Rhododendron caespitosum, dry open capsules, Habbema lake, Wamena, West Papua

    Rhododendron caespitosum, dry open capsules, Habbema lake, Wamena, West Papua

  • Mitella stylosa, rain splash seed dispersal from cup shaped capsular fruits, Yamaguchi, Japan

    Mitella stylosa, rain splash seed dispersal from cup shaped capsular fruits, Yamaguchi, Japan

  • Aeonium aureum, young rosettes and old dead fruiting monocarpic individuals, Teide, Tenerife, Canary Islands

    Aeonium aureum, young rosettes and old dead fruiting monocarpic individuals, Teide, Tenerife, Canary Islands

  • Peperomia cobana, anthocyanic abaxial leaf and infructescence with mature hooked achenes, Parque Ecologico Chichel, Quiche, Guatemala

    Peperomia cobana, anthocyanic abaxial leaf and infructescence with mature hooked achenes, Parque Ecologico Chichel, Quiche, Guatemala

  • Peperomia cobana, epizoochory illustrated by mature hooked achenes on fleshy reddish spadix, Parque Ecologico Chichel, Quiche, Guatemala

    Peperomia cobana, epizoochory illustrated by mature hooked achenes on fleshy reddish spadix, Parque Ecologico Chichel, Quiche, Guatemala

  • Peperomia magnoliifolia, tiny hooked achenes allowing epizoochorous animal dispersal and fixation to tree barks and mosses, Monts Caraibes, Guadeloupe

    Peperomia magnoliifolia, tiny hooked achenes allowing epizoochorous animal dispersal and fixation to tree barks and mosses, Monts Caraibes, Guadeloupe

  • Peperomia magnoliifolia, tiny hooked achenes allowing epizoochorous animal dispersal, Monts Caraibes, Guadeloupe

    Peperomia magnoliifolia, tiny hooked achenes allowing epizoochorous animal dispersal, Monts Caraibes, Guadeloupe

  • Procris wightiana, tiny pointed achenes at the periphery of a fleshy structure originating in fusion of inflorescence peduncle and petals, Western Ghats, India

    Procris wightiana, tiny pointed achenes at the periphery of a fleshy structure originating in fusion of inflorescence peduncle and petals, Western Ghats, India

  • Girardinia bullosa, achenes protected by accrescent perigone covered by dense stinging hairs, Bale NP, Ethiopia

    Girardinia bullosa, achenes protected by accrescent perigone covered by dense stinging hairs, Bale NP, Ethiopia

  • Schizaea elegans, hanging exserted sori distributed around the frond, Iquitos, Peru

    Schizaea elegans, hanging exserted sori distributed around the frond, Iquitos, Peru

  • Woodwardia harlandii, frond, Ba Na Hills, Da Nang, Vietnam

    Woodwardia harlandii, frond, Ba Na Hills, Da Nang, Vietnam

  • Woodwardia harlandii, upper surface of fertile frond with upwards long bulks due to the deeply impressed sori on the lower surface, Ba Na Hills, Da Nang, Vietnam

    Woodwardia harlandii, upper surface of fertile frond with upwards long bulks due to the deeply impressed sori on the lower surface, Ba Na Hills, Da Nang, Vietnam

  • Woodwardia harlandii, sori, Ba Na Hills, Da Nang, Vietnam

    Woodwardia harlandii, sori, Ba Na Hills, Da Nang, Vietnam

  • Asplenium nidus, sori on the lower abaxial surface of the fronds, Singapore

    Asplenium nidus, sori on the lower abaxial surface of the fronds, Singapore

  • Asplenium antiquum, sori,, Taipeh, Taiwan

    Asplenium antiquum, sori,, Taipeh, Taiwan

  • Christensenia aesculifolia, sori detail, Brunei, Borneo

    Christensenia aesculifolia, sori detail, Brunei, Borneo

  • Patrick Blanc showing the mature sori of Christensenia aesculifolia, Gunung Mulu NP, Sarawak, Borneo, Sept. 2018

    Patrick Blanc showing the mature sori of Christensenia aesculifolia, Gunung Mulu NP, Sarawak, Borneo, Sept. 2018

  • Christensenia aesculifolia, lower surface of the frond with lines of cylindrical raised sori, Putao, Kachin, Myanmar

    Christensenia aesculifolia, lower surface of the frond with lines of cylindrical raised sori, Putao, Kachin, Myanmar

  • Christensenia aesculifolia, raised brown sori and huge permanently open stomata, the biggest among vascular plants, Putao, Kachin, Myanmar

    Christensenia aesculifolia, raised brown sori and huge permanently open stomata, the biggest among vascular plants, Putao, Kachin, Myanmar

  • Phymatosorus membranifolius, upper frond face with the deeply raised protuberances enclosing the sunken sori, Sekar Langit waterfall, Magelang, Java

    Phymatosorus membranifolius, upper frond face with the deeply raised protuberances enclosing the sunken sori, Sekar Langit waterfall, Magelang, Java

  • Phymatosorus membranifolius, lower frond surface with the sunken sori,  , Java

    Phymatosorus membranifolius, lower frond surface with the sunken sori, , Java

  • Platycerium stemaria, fertile fronds with dark brown sori, Campo, Cameroun

    Platycerium stemaria, fertile fronds with dark brown sori, Campo, Cameroun

  • Platycerium stemaria with dark brown sori, Campo, Cameroun

    Platycerium stemaria with dark brown sori, Campo, Cameroun

  • Platycerium bifurcatum, epiphytic basket on a beach tree, Cape tribulation, Queensland, Australia

    Platycerium bifurcatum, epiphytic basket on a beach tree, Cape tribulation, Queensland, Australia

  • Platycerium bifurcatum, basket and fertile fronds, Cape Tribulation, Queensland, Australia

    Platycerium bifurcatum, basket and fertile fronds, Cape Tribulation, Queensland, Australia

  • Platycerium coronarium, basket, photosynthetic and fertile fronds, Singapore

    Platycerium coronarium, basket, photosynthetic and fertile fronds, Singapore

  • Microsorum whiteheadii, sori on the abaxial undersurface of the frond, Payakumbuh, West Sumatra

    Microsorum whiteheadii, sori on the abaxial undersurface of the frond, Payakumbuh, West Sumatra

  • Microsorum whiteheadii, sori close up, Payakumbuh, West Sumatra

    Microsorum whiteheadii, sori close up, Payakumbuh, West Sumatra

  • Pyrrosia abbreviata, sori close up, Maninjau lake area, West Sumatra

    Pyrrosia abbreviata, sori close up, Maninjau lake area, West Sumatra

  • Pyrrosia assimilis, fertile fronds, Suzhou, China

    Pyrrosia assimilis, fertile fronds, Suzhou, China

  • Antrophyum cf. reticulatum, sori along the main veins, Bambapuang, Enrekang, South Sulawesi

    Antrophyum cf. reticulatum, sori along the main veins, Bambapuang, Enrekang, South Sulawesi

  • Trichomanes elegans, lower surface of the frond with sori, Arusi, Nuqui, Choco, Colombia

    Trichomanes elegans, lower surface of the frond with sori, Arusi, Nuqui, Choco, Colombia

  • Trichomanes elegans, lower surface of the frond with sori, close up, Arusi, Nuqui, Choco, Colombia

    Trichomanes elegans, lower surface of the frond with sori, close up, Arusi, Nuqui, Choco, Colombia

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